Οδοιπορικά

Trip Information

Slovenia
Under the shade
Under the shade (72)
Trip Date:2006-07-11 - 2006-09-12
# Photos:43 [View]
Countries visited:Slovenia
εθεάθησαν: 4619
I'll start the trip at my home town Koper.

Here are some historic facts copied from Wikipedia:

Koper rose from an ancient settlement built on an island in the southeastern part of the Gulf of Koper in the northern Adriatic. In the time of Ancient Greece, the town was known as Aegida, later it became known by its Latin names Capris, Caprea, Capre or Caprista, from which the modern Slovenian name stems from.

In 568, Roman citizens of nearby Tergestum (modern Trieste) fled to Koper due to an invasion of the Lombards. In honour of the Byzantine emperor Justinian II, Koper was renamed to Justinople. Later, Koper was under both Lombard and Frankish rule.

Since the 8th century, possibly even since 6th century, Koper was the seat of the diocese. One of Koper's bishops was the Lutheran reformer Pier Paolo Vergerio. In 1828, it was merged the diocese of Trieste.

Trade between Koper and Venice was registered since 932. In the war between Venice and Germany (Holy Roman Empire), Koper was on the German side, and was in result awarded by town rights, granted in 1035 by the emperor Conrad II. Since 1232, Koper belonged to the patriarch in Aquileia, and in 1278 it joined the republic of Venice.

Koper grew to become the capital of Venetian Istria and was renamed to Caput Histriae, "head of Istria" (from which its modern Italian name Capodistria stems from).

During the period of the Austrian Empire, Koper was, along with Trieste part of the Austrian Littoral crown land. Assigned to Italy after World War I, at the end of World War II was part of the Zone B of the Free Territory of Trieste, controlled by Yugoslavia. Most of the Italian inhabitants left the city by 1954, when the Free Territory of Trieste formally ceased to exist and Zone B became part of communist Yugoslavia. The diocese was separated from Trieste.

With Slovenian independence in 1991 Koper became the only commercial port town of Slovenia. The municipality of Koper is officially bilingual (Slovenian and Italian). The University of Primorska is based in the town.

***
Some facts about Izola:
***
Originally an island in the northern Adriatic (hence the name, which comes from the Italian for "island"), it was first settled by the Romans, who built a port at Haliaetum, on Simons Bay, to the southwest of the present city.

During the Middle Ages, it was controlled by the Venetian Republic.

Its economic base was seriously hurt when Trieste (Trst in Slovene) became the premier port in the region and a plague struck in the 16th century.

During the French occupation in the early 19th century, the city walls were torn down and used to fill in the channel that separated the island of Izola from the mainland.

thanks to Wikipedia

...
Izola is old fishing town with the rich history. With the pleasant position on the nothern Istria and the marine is also important nautical centre. The first step toward the tourism started in 1820 when the thermal water was discovered. The town is important by a fishing industry. The first fishing industry factory at the Adriatic coast was built near Izola. Interesting: Latin name for island is "izola" and Izola use to be an island which was connected to the mainland with a stony bridge. The town was encompassed with the wall which was at the beginning of the 19th century pulled down and the material was used to cover sea between the island and mainland. Izola use to be known as a town of the rebels. It has also declared Independence in 1253 and became a town with the proper laws and authority for a short period. In the 13th and 14th century there were also a "town wars" with the Piran and Koper.

*** The legend of the white dove***
source:http://myeurope.eun.org/myeurope/MyEurope2/myth_view.cfm?did=6140

I will tell you the legend of the white dove who saved Izola from the foreign soldiers. Once day, it was in the year 1380, some foreigner ships were approaching Izola. The fleet was led by army of Genoa. They wanted to attack and loot the town. The fleet came fast towards Izola. The people were deeply worried. They saught help in the church: they prayed and asked the Saint Maurus for help. He granted their requests and sent them a white dove and a thick fog. The fog engulfed Izola and hid it from the eyes of the enemy. The white dove appeared to the people in the curch and then flew away to the enemy ships. The sailors on the ships were confused. »Where is the land and where is the quay?« they wondered. They feared that they would run aground and damage the ships in that thick mist. Their view of Izola was obscured by patches of thick fog. They watched the dove who circlind above their heads with amazement and surprise. The dove moved off. The sailors followed her as they believed that the bird that lived only in town would never fly into the open see, and as she was supposed to bring happiness she would help them come to the town. But the dove led them far away into the open sea.The town Izola was saved. The dove returned to Izola and flew into the church. From the beak she dropped an olive branch as the sign of peace and freedom. The people of Izola were so grateful to Saint Maurus that they chose the 23rd October, Saint Maurus's day, as their holiday. Izola's coat-of-arms probably comes from these times: on a blue background there is a white dove with an olive branch in the beak.
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