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3 Monument to Martinez Campos It was a spring morning in 1907, despite being the month of January, according to the press reports of the time. More than 2,000 soldiers paraded through the Paseo de Coches. And the entire Royal Family, the Government and the authorities of the entire State came to pay tribute to the architect of the monarchical restoration and hero of several military campaigns of the XIX. Arsenio Martnez Campos (1831-1900) was during his life Minister of War, President of the Government and Governor of Cuba. But he went down in history by the pronouncement of Sagunto, where he proclaimed Prince Alfonso as King of Spain and put an end to the First Republic.

Four years after his death, in 1904, a popular campaign managed to raise funds to erect a monument for him in the Retiro. The artist in charge of the work was Mariano Benlliure, who faced the challenge, for the first time in his career, of sculpting a figure on horseback. And he did it with great skill. In the monument the general is seen, in a field uniform, with a cape and headdress with a river. Benlliure imagines him commanding his army atop a promontory, from where he watches the enemy. His horse makes an unusual gesture, tilting and tilting its head wearily, thus allowing the figure of the rider to rise with greater grandeur. Curiously, the general turns his back on the king he enthroned. Both statues are by Benlliure. That of Alfonso XII was placed three years later, in 1910.

The monument to Martnez Campos is located in the same roundabout where the equestrian statue of Felipe IV, by Pietro Tacca, now in the Plaza de Oriente, stood in the 19th century. Until this area of the Retiro it was displaced at some date in the 18th century from its original location in the Palacio del Buen Retiro. It already appears in the roundabout of Guatemala in the model of Madrid by Len Gil de Palacio, from 1830, currently in the Museum of History of Madrid. It so happens that both Benlliure's and Tacca's are considered two of the best equestrian statues in the History of Art.

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3 Monumento a Martinez Campos. Fue una maana primaveral de 1907, a pesar de tratarse del mes de enero, segn subrayaban las crnicas de prensa de la poca. Ms de 2.000 militares desfilaron por el Paseo de Coches. Y la Familia Real al completo, el Gobierno y las autoridades de todo el Estado acudieron a rendir homenaje al artfice de la restauracin monrquica y hroe de varias campaas militares del XIX. Arsenio Martnez Campos (1831-1900) fue durante su vida ministro de Guerra, presidente del Gobierno y gobernador de Cuba. Pero pas a la historia por el pronunciamiento de Sagunto, donde proclam al prncipe Alfonso como Rey de Espaa y puso fin a la Primera Repblica.

Cuatro aos despus de su muerte, en 1904, una campaa popular consigui recaudar fondos para erigirle un monumento en el Retiro. El artista encargado de la obra fue Mariano Benlliure, que se enfrent al desafo, por primera vez en su carrera, de esculpir una figura a caballo. Y lo hizo con gran maestra. En el monumento se ve al general, de uniforme de campaa, con capa y tocado con un ros. Benlliure lo imagina al mando de su ejrcito en lo alto de un promontorio, desde donde observa al enemigo. Su caballo hace un gesto inusual, al ladear e inclinar la cabeza con aire cansado, permitiendo as que la figura del jinete se alce con mayor grandeza. Curiosamente, el general le da la espalda al rey al que entroniz. Ambas estatuas son de Benlliure. La de Alfonso XII se coloc tres aos despus, en 1910.

El monumento a Martnez Campos se halla en la misma glorieta en donde permaneci en el siglo XIX la estatua ecuestre de Felipe IV, obra de Pietro Tacca, ahora en la Plaza de Oriente. Hasta esta zona del Retiro fue desplazada en alguna fecha del siglo XVIII desde su emplazamiento original en el Palacio del Buen Retiro. Aparece ya en la glorieta de Guatemala en la maqueta de Madrid de Len Gil de Palacio, de 1830, actualmente en el Museo de Historia de Madrid. Se da la circunstancia de que tanto la de Benlliure como la de Tacca son consideradas dos de las mejores estatuas ecuestres de la Historia del Arte.

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  • Copyright: Luis Garcia (adramad) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8658 W: 5 N: 15631] (69696)
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  • Date Taken: 2007-05-00
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  • Date Submitted: 2021-08-02 10:53
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Additional Photos by Luis Garcia (adramad) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8658 W: 5 N: 15631] (69696)
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