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The Doce River (literally the "sweet river"; Rio Doce in Portuguese) is a river in southeast Brazil, which has an extension of 853 km. It is formed by the junction of the Piranga and the Carmo near the historical city of Ouro Preto, whose sources are located in the foothills of the Mantiqueira and Espinhao mountain chains at altitudes of about 1,200 meters. It flows in a northeastern direction via Ipatinga, makes a wide curve near Governador Valadares, and flows in a southeastern direction passing through Conselheiro Pena, to enter the Atlantic Ocean near Linhares in Esprito Santo state. Its main tributaries are the Piracicaba, Casca, Matip, Caratinga-Cuiet, Manhuau, Santo Antnio and Suau Grande, in Minas Gerais; the Pancas, Guandu, and So Jos, in Esprito Santo.
The Doce river has great economic importance for the region. The basin is home to the largest steel making complex in Latin America. Three of the five largest companies in Minas Gerais state in the year 2000, Companhia Siderrgica Belgo Mineira, Arcelor Mittal (ACESITA) and USIMINAS, are located there. The largest open-pit mine in the world is operated in the basin by the Companhia Vale do Rio Doce. These industrial conglomerates have an important role in Brazilian exports of iron ore, steel, and cellulose (Cenibra). In addition, the Doce basin contributes greatly to production of coffee from Minas Gerais and Esprito Santo as well as fruit pulp from Esprito Santo.

(source: wikipedia)

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Additional Photos by Andre Bonavita (bona) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1361 W: 113 N: 3425] (15057)
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