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Photographer's Note

Hello friends and colleagues, today I present this view at sunset from the beautiful village of Zahara de la Sierra, this villa is part of the group of villages in the province of Cadiz that form the "White Towns of Andalusia". Hope you like it, then some letters about their history.

Zahara de la Sierra is a village in the province of Cadiz, belonging to the Sierra de Cadiz. Its history dates back to ancient times, but it will be in the Middle Ages when it becomes important to become a major Muslim enclave, conquered by the Christians in the process of conquest of the Kingdom of Granada.
Today it is one of the most important towns of the White Towns of Andalusia.
ZAHARA IN THE UNITED NAZARI (CENTURIES XIII-XV) Year 1282.
Documented the first news that makes us reference to the town and fortress of Zahara dates back to 1282, when the Castilian King Alfonso X "The Wise" requested an interview with the Sultan of Morocco Aben Yusef, who asks for help to fight his son , the future king Sancho IV "the Bravo" which had revolted him. King Sabio justified his request because if my children are my enemies become non will be therefore wrong to take my enemies by children .. The Moroccan prince accepting his request he housed in Zahara, the important seasoning border Nazari kingdom, militarily controlled rondeρa by Heart. Chronic likewise collected the interview, held in the concourse under the tent of silk and gold from Baghdad. Alfonso sitting in high place; Moroccan almuadon feather in his hand. Aben Yussef is a venerable old man with a white beard and flow and knows a lot of books and science and therefore is a friend of the king of Castile, The aid will consist of the delivery of 60,000 gold doubloons good law that receives the Castilian and it corresponds to the delivery of cows to improve Moroccans, then send him books written in Arabic, which eventually will be in Jerez to be conquered. 1407.
It corresponds to the first Christian making Zahara (a fact that is clearly not isolated since during the same military campaign, fall also in Christian hands, Pruna and Torre Alhαquime) by the Infante Don Fernando "El de Antequera" tutor Juan II and later king Ferdinand I of Aragon, that under chronic conquer the villa after being subjected to bombing. The Infante Don Fernando, carrying in his right hand the sword of King San Fernando and warriors flower and gala court from Moron and Montellano, crossing the Guadalete by the ford of Puerto Serrano, planted his Real near Zahara, and thence the three bombards, bombards Zahara, but nothing gets. However, Alonso, who therefore receive the name of escalante, climb its walls and get their surrender, which occurs the first of October. The Moors who lived there were sent under escort to Ronda. 1410.
Taking advantage of the governor, Alonso Fernandez de Melgarejo, with his troops had left undefended the square, as they were of riot at the border, there is an attempt to recover the square from the Muslim side. According to chronicles, they get up to the castle aided by two traitors from within; but eventually flee, knowing that Don Fernando goes back to Zahara, but not before having it subjected to prey for several days, during which burned the village and the church, slaughtered the inhabitants, leaving only seven Christians who take refuge in the castle, event results in an over in the mayor to consider the Castilian king who has been negligent in his defense: that of Melgarejo is replaced by his brother, Garci Fernandez. Throughout this Christian occupation (1407 -1481), Zahara, despite being conquest starring monarchical power, was ceded to defend and occupation at the hands of the military nobility Castilian nothing strange in medieval repopulation -case. The stately power was immense, so that in chronic, around 1477 a character appears to us, Marshal Fernando Arias de Saavedra, the commander seasoning Montalban, who acting as a true master of Zahara since this town was within their personal assets, tic operated independently. In such wise know that on their own trying to wean Utrera, assails Bornos, Jerez and Arcos (then monarchical possessions, which means a confrontation with the king's troops) and maintains truces with the Grenadian Sultan. His son, called the "Young Marshal", heir to the vast territorial wealth, continues the same policy, until it is reduced in 1481 his possessions with the loss of Zahara.
1481. Zahara is recovered by Nazari part. The chronicles are terse information regarding this event: ... Zahara is surprised by the Moors on the night of December 28, 1481, who know the castle after a bad Christian who told them where to go and slit the throats defenders, taking captive the Christian defenders of the town.
Year 1483 is the date, personalized in the figure of Don Rodrigo Ponce de Leon, who Marchena leaving final conquest by Castilian part, and after a short siege manages to win the plaza in October of that year (not knowing the exact day since the sources speak of such events from 14 to 28). Earlier, in September the same year there was an attempt to win by the Count of Cifuentes, but failed in his attempt. Regardless of chronic, something seems to be no doubt: Zahara was in pre-war situation and constantly alert, and acted as a military outpost because of its strategic location on the border: at the time of the conquest, Don Rodrigo was not found it women or children, but men for war, evidence of that claim. After the Christian conquest, war agreements were established on the basis of the degree of resistance that have exercised the Muslim troops in the defense of the place. For Zahara, there would be more in line with reflected by Fray Antonio Agαpida in which the Marquis did not wish to continue the siege, by not having enough supplies. Consequently, he offered a very favorable capitulation, allowing them to leave without their weapons, but carrying all personal belongings they could carry and empowering them to migrate to Barbary. logical possibility, which also reflects Palencia in his chronicle.
Source Wikipedia.

Make: NIKON CORPORATION
Model: NIKON D3100
Software: PhotoScape
Exposure Time: 10/20000 sec
F-Stop: f/4.5
ISO Speed Ratings: 400
Focal Length: 18 mm
Date Taken: 2014-12-22 17:16
Metering Mode: Center Weighted Average
File Size: 281 k

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Additional Photos by angel cornejo (cornejo) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 5753 W: 5 N: 12577] (61504)
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