Photographer's Note

I am going to start a small series of photos, dedicated to the Royal Palace of Aranjuez and its Gardens, while I have just prepared an extensive series dedicated to Romania, with which I am working, I hope you enjoy these photos.

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Voy a comenzar una pequea serie de fotos, dedicada al Palacio Real de Aranjuez y sus Jardines, mientras acabo de preparar una amplia serie dedicada a Rumania, con la cual estoy trabajando, espero disfrutis estas fotos.

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As the old palace of Aranjuez, of the masters of Santiago, did not have capacity, Felipe II ordered the construction of a new palace, located to the south and immediately to the old one, from which a narrow street separated it. The royal family would stay in the new palace; servitude, in the old.

Juan de Herrera carried out the work in its beginnings, it began with a public chapel in 1561, in 1568 the architect died and Juan de Herrera was in charge of continuing the works, the work was finished in 1586.
Before entering the Royal Palace, we find the Plaza de Armas, the scene of parades, commemorations and equestrian games typical of the court of absolutism.

Felipe III, after the death of Felipe II, did not introduce many improvements in the palace, he only built two passageways on the upper floors to connect the Palace with the former of the masters. He also completed the Garden of Statues, closed it with Herrera walls and placed a fountain in its center. Felipe IV decorated the Garden of Statues with statues.

Felipe V was in charge of the expansion of the palace in 1717, in 1727 the old palace of the masters began to be demolished, and the immediate mills, a bridge with a staircase was built to pass to the Island. In 1735 the ashlar wall was built the estuary to form the large square on the main facade of the Palace. The works ended in 1739, as Ferdinand VI was already king, it burned down in 1748 and ordered its restoration to Santiago Bonava, who also made the main facade. The faade is crowned by three stone statues: Felipe II, Felipe V and Fernando V, under whose reign these works were completed. Also on the faade we can find two headstones: PHILIPUS II INSTITUIT. PHILIPUS V PROVEXIT and in the second: FERDINANDUS VI PIUS FELIX CONSUMAVIT. ANNO MDCCLII.

Carlos III arranged in 1771 to add two long wings attached to the main facade. At the ends, a raised gallery with a terrace and stone baluster, made by the engineer Francisco Sabatini. In the center of each wing is an inscription: CAROLUS III ADJEIT ANNO MDCCLXXV. He also ordered the Palace stop, with ten stone benches whose backs topped baskets of flowers and some pineapples. Each addition was made in harmony with what was previously built, so that the whole is completely coherent and seems to have been built at the same time. The palace took about 200 years to build between the old part built by Herrera and the last wings built by Sabatini.

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Al no tener capacidad el antiguo palacio de Aranjuez, de los maestres de Santiago, Felipe II dispuso la construccin de un nuevo palacio, situado al sur e inmediato al antiguo, del que le separaba una estrecha calle. La familia real se alojara en el nuevo palacio; la servidumbre, en el antiguo.

Realiz la obra en sus comienzos, Juan Bautista de Toledo, comenz por una capilla pblica en 1561, en 1568 muere el arquitecto y se encarga de proseguir las obras, Juan de Herrera, la obra se termin en 1586.
Antes de entrar en Palacio Real encontramos la Plaza de Armas, escenario de los desfiles, conmemoraciones y juegos ecuestres propios de la corte del absolutismo.

Felipe III, tras la muerte de Felipe II, no introduce muchas mejoras en palacio, tan solo construye dos pasadizos sobre los pisos superiores para poner en comunicacin el Palacio con el antiguo de los maestres. Tambin concluy el Jardn de las Estatuas, lo cerr con muros de Herrera y puso una fuente en su centro. Felipe IV adorn con estatuas el Jardn de las Estatuas.

Felipe V se encarga de la ampliacin del palacio en 1717, en 1727 se empieza a derribar el antiguo palacio de los maestres, y los molinos inmediatos, se construye puente con escalinata para pasar a la Isla. En 1735 se construye la muralla de sillera en la ra para poder formar la gran plaza de la fachada principal de Palacio. Las obras finalizaron en 1739, ya siendo rey Fernando VI, se incendia en 1748 y ordena su restauracin a Santiago Bonava, quien realiza tambin la fachada principal. Coronan la fachada tres estatuas de piedra: Felipe II, Felipe V y Fernando V, bajo cuyo reinado se concluyeron estas obras. Tambin en la fachada podemos encontrar dos lapidas: PHILIPUS II INSTITUIT. PHILIPUS V PROVEXIT y en la segunda: FERDINANDUS VI PIUS FELIX CONSUMAVIT. ANNO MDCCLII.

Carlos III dispuso en 1771 que se aadiesen dos alas prolongadas unidas a la fachada principal. En los extremos una galera elevada con terraza y balustre de piedra, realizada por el ingeniero Francisco Sabatini. En el centro de cada ala hay una inscripcin: CAROLUS III ADJEIT ANNO MDCCLXXV. Tambin mando hacer la parada de Palacio, con diez bancos de piedra cuyos respaldos rematan canastillos de flores y unas pias. Cada aadido se hizo guardando armona con lo construido anteriormente, de modo que el conjunto guarda una coherencia total y parece construido en una misma poca. El palacio tard en construirse aproximadamente 200 aos entre la parte antigua construida por Herrera y las ltimas alas construidas por Sabatini.

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Additional Photos by Luis Garcia (adramad) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8267 W: 5 N: 14888] (66268)
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