Photographer's Note

I am not sure if my sources are trustful, but when I was a teenager, the more seniors members of the 'amateur archaeology club' to which I belonged said that it was believed that this dug rocks were used to make wine by pressing the grapes against the rock. The people of the area called them lagarias, an uncommon word derived from lagar, which translates to place where wine or olive oil is produced. The time when they were dug and used was even more uncertain.

The area has many traces of very ancient human occupation, although the only ones with any interest for someone who isn't an archaeologist are menhirs and dolmens (megalithic monuments probably older than 5000 years). In a radius of about 4 Km / 2.5 mi there are at least one menhir and ten dolmens. I have a recent post of one of them. On top of the hill on the right of the photo once stood a castro (fortified village of the Iron Age) that is probably more than 2500 years old. I think that the newest vestiges found there are from the early Middle Age, just after the fall of the Roman Empire. On the top of the hill more to the right there is a cave that was occupied even earlier, maybe as early as the Neolithic (I guess they are contemporary of the construction of the dolmens). Just a few hundred meters behind the POV existed a Roman villa. Close to it there was (I use the past tense, because now it is completely covered with bushes and grass) a cobbled circle that was used to separate straw from the grains of cereals (I don't know the English word for it, in Portuguese is eira) until some tens of years. While it isn't that different from the others eiras found everywhere in Portugal at first sight, it features geometric patterns made by the stones and has bigger rocks around it that almost remind a cromlech [te, wikipedia], a bit like an original miniature Stonehenge or a big sun dial. The place puzzled the archaeologists that visited the place some 35 years ago, I don't know if anyone did any serious research and/or concluded anything; maybe it was just the oeuvre of an inspired peasant not much older than 100 years.

On the WS: Another dug rock, apparently unfinished.

Location (latitude, longitude): 39.4557,-7.309

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Additional Photos by Jose Pires (stego) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4422 W: 612 N: 7301] (24132)
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