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Photographer's Note

Rocca Flea, formerly known as Arx Major Terre Gualdi, stands at the top of Gualdo Tadino, Umbria.
It is one example of Italian fortified architecture of the Middle Ages. The fortress was built incorporating an ancient place of worship dedicated to the Archangel Michael founded in the Lombard period (sec. VIII-IX), called Sant'Angelo Flea. At the end of the tenth century the Rocca Flea would be included in the possessions of Count Vico said Wolf, son of the Count of Nocera. In 1177 he was in possession of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, which however returned to the papacy in 1198. On 25 July 1208 the consuls of the free town of Gualdo submitted themselves to the protection of the close and strong town of Perugia, which is why this controversy centuries the Papacy.
Gualdo in 1237 was destroyed by a raging fire; Emperor Frederick II became actively for its reconstruction and the Rocca Flea for the occasion was the subject of renovations and expansions. The construction of the central tower, the keep, dates back to 1350, during the period of the domination of Perugia Gualdo, always in the fourteenth century were made tweaks from Biordo Michelotti. In 1499 the city of Gualdo and Rocca Flea were assigned by Pope Alexander VI's famous daughter Lucrezia Borgia. In 1512 the fortress was in the hands of Perugia Giampaolo captains and Gentile Baglioni, but soon was withdrawn from the government of the papal legate of that city and erected in independent Legation, ruled by a cardinal under the direct authority of the Apostolic Chamber.
From 1587 to 1798 Gualdo falls in the anonymity of the province, the Rock not housed more a court and was used in part to lay prison.
After 1860 with the advent of the Kingdom of Italy, the whole complex was reduced to the district prison. Currently the Flea Rocca houses the Civic Museum of Gualdo Tadino, houses the Antiquarium of the territory and in the rooms display historical testimonials of ceramics Gualdese.

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Additional Photos by Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 17696 W: 130 N: 37167] (202654)
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