Photographer's Note

The Basilica of Esztergom seen from the other side of the river Danube, from Strovo (Prkny), Slovakia. I took this photo in the end of 2006, but I wasn't satisfied with the previous version. I've experienced a lot about PP-softwares since than and I was appalled how I ruined this beautiful view with the previous. I tried to correct it: this is the result! (: I didn't crop this version, but darkened a bit and added a bit of blue to the sky. I hope you like it!
I would be pleased if you told me your opinion about the photo!

Happy New Year to every TE-friends!!

The Esztergom Basilica is an ecclesiastic basilica in Esztergom, Hungary, the main church of the Archdiocese of Esztergom-Budapest, and the seat of the Catholic Church in Hungary. It is dedicated for the Blessed Virgin Mary Taken into Heaven, and Saint Adalbert.
As a building, it is the largest church in Hungary. Its inner area is 56,000 m. It is 118 m long and 49 m wide. It has a reverberation time of more than 9 seconds. Its dome, forming a semi-sphere, is situated in the middle, and it has 12 windows. It is 71.5 m high inside, with a diameter of 33.5 metres, and is 100 m high from outside, counted from the crypt, thus it is the tallest building in Hungary.
The altarpiece (13.5 6.6 metres, depicting the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, by Michelangelo Grigoletti) is the largest painting in the world painted on a single piece of canvas.
The basilica is also known for Bakcz Chapel (named after Tams Bakcz), built by Italian masters between 15061507 out of red marble of Sttő, its walls adorned with Tuscan Renaissance motifs. It is the most precious remaining example of Renaissance art in Hungary.
The huge crypt, built in Old Egyptian style in 1831,is today the resting place of late archbishops, among others, Jzsef Mindszenty.

History
The building of the present church took place on the foundation of several earlier churches. The first was built by Stephen I of Hungary between 1001-1010 (as the original Saint Adalbert church), the first cathedral in Hungary, which was burnt at the end of XII century. It was rebuilt, but not too much remained of it, and was almost completely destroyed under the Tartar (Mongol) Invasion. It was rebuilt again in the XIII and XIV century, and a huge library was added, the second most significant one in the country. It was ruined again under Turkish rule, in 1543. In 1820, the archiepiscopacy returned at last to the city, and archbishop Alexander Rudnay (Rudnay Sndor in Hungarian) decided to make Esztergom again the ecclesiastical centre of the country.
Plans were made by Pl Khnel, and the leader of the construction was Jnos Packh. The foundation-stone was laid and work began in 1822. The Bakcz chapel, taken to 1600 numbered pieces, was attached to the new basilica 20 metres farther, 10 metres lower. In 1838, Packh was assassinated, and the archbishop trusted Jzsef Hild with the leading of the construction, and he completed it in Classicistic style. The new archbishop, Jnos Scitovszky, urged the completion of the high church, so it was inaugurated on August 31, 1856, a good while before the full completion in 1869. The 1856 celebration ceremony was crowned by the Mass of Esztergom, a piece composed and conducted by Franz Liszt, his largest liturgical composition.

from Wikipedia

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Additional Photos by Marton Ocskay (ocskaymarci) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 569 W: 388 N: 812] (2832)
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