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The White Tower (Λευκός Πύργος), is the most popular monument in Thessaloniki and the trademark of the city, the White Tower, located along the waterfront of Greece’s second city. Today, the construction is home to a unique museum, making it one of the latest additions to the cultural scene of Thessaloniki.

The symbol of the city of Thessaloniki:
Built on top of a Byzantine fortification around the 15th century, the White Tower was enclosed by defensive walls and served as a fort to strengthen the port and the coastline’s defenses. At that time, it was called the Lion Tower, in honor of the Ottoman military victory, while in the 17th century, it became known as the Tower of Kalamaria. Repurposed as a garrison and then a prison, it then took on the name of the Tower of Blood (or Kanli Kule in Turkish). In 1891 it received its current name of White Tower and was painted white.


In the 20th century, the defensive walls were destroyed, while the tower served as a communication center for the Allied forces in WW I. Many ancient artifacts were also stored inside during the conflicts. From 1912 to 1983, the tower housed the air defense of Thessaloniki and also accommodated the university’s meteorological laboratory. Today, the tower is open to the public and is home to a museum focusing on Thessaloniki’s rich history and its multicultural spirit. Thanks to its strategic position, Thessaloniki has undergone centuries of transformation and has welcomed a plethora of populations and cultures. Through thematically arranged images, multimedia applications and unique artifacts, visitors get to discover the city from its birth to today and understand the different cultures and historical events that shaped its identity.

Partial quote: https://theculturetrip.com/europe/greece/articles/the-story-behind-thessalonikis-white-tower/

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Additional Photos by Alex Fan Moniz (LondonBoy) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 91 W: 0 N: 566] (2368)
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