Photographer's Note

St. Vitus Cathedral Rijeka is the only Baroque rotunda of monumental proportions built on Croatian soil. The construction of this church began in 1638 according to the project of the Jesuit architect G. Briano. The famous Venetian church of Santa Maria della Salute and served as a model for the construction site of the church, an elevated position in the center of the urban system, which at that time was heavy and still medieval elected. Originally, there was a church bearing the same name, the protector of the city.

The order of the Jesuits decided to use, for the inspiration of the project, the cult of the Miraculous Crucifix of this church, the Christ, as stated in the popular legend, started bleeding when Petar Lončarić angry, furious at losing the game launched a stone cross. The initial gothic crucifix joined the baroque altar of the new church, and the place for the stone and a small hand Lončarić bronze as part of the inherent narrative devotion to the miraculous relics were also found.

Investment in the new church of San Vito exceeding the powers of the local community and its construction, with interruptions, lasted a century. However, judging from the facade surfaces not covered with stone slabs, the construction never finished. The substantial change occurred in 1725 when the new construction manager, B. Martinuzzi added a gallery. Local legend tells us that this happened because the Jesuits did not want that for the monastic liturgy, the novitiate to mingle with the people, especially with the beautiful girls of Rijeka.

The interior of the church is a true "work of art" Baroque ("Gesamtkunstwerk"), a unit of style. The authors of plastic lush luxurious interior, altar and pulpit were teachers who had come from Gorizia and Friulia: S. Petruzzi, P. Lazzarini, A. L. Pacassi and Michelazzi, of which the latter remained in Rijeka . The author of the drawing altar of St. Joseph with the Child Jesus was a painter from Ljubljana (originally from Lorraine), V. Metzinger. An unknown master painted baroque altar of St. Ignatius Loyola.

IXX century belong to only Benvenuti statue of Our Lady of Sorrows at the altar of the same name and the Assumption of Simonetti box. In 1742 the church dedicated represented only part of the group that had previously included buildings Jesuits seminars and courses that were destroyed between two world wars. The portal Jesuit school was retained because it was moved to the building of the canon, which was built next to the back wall of the church of San Vito.

In the main doorway of the Church of San Vito, the inhabitants of Rijeka have incorporated a cannonball with a funny inscription in Latin, which translated says: "This fruit was sent to England when he wanted to drive from here to the Gauls". The inscription is a testimony of the Napoleonic Wars episodes that took place in Rijeka in 1813. Since registration is a timetable, the year can be seen by reading the larger letters as Roman numbers. The church became the cathedral of St. Vitus between two world wars.

-----------------------------------------------

La catedral de San Vito de Rijeka es la nica rotonda barroca de proporciones monumentales construida en suelo croata. La construccin de esta iglesia comenz en 1638 segn el proyecto del arquitecto jesuita G. Briano. La famosa iglesia veneciana de Santa Maria della Salute sirvi como modelo y, para el lugar de la construccin de la iglesia, se eligi una posicin elevada en el centro del sistema urbano, que en esa poca era denso y todava medieval. Originalmente, all haba una iglesia que llevaba el mismo nombre, el del protector de la ciudad.

La orden de los jesuitas decidi utilizar, para la inspiracin del proyecto, el culto del Crucifijo milagroso de esta iglesia, cuyo Cristo, segn reza la leyenda popular, comenz a sangrar cuando el airado Petar Lončarić, furioso por haber perdido en el juego, lanz una piedra a la cruz. El crucifijo gtico inicial se incorpor al altar mayor barroco de la nueva iglesia, y tambin se encontr el lugar para la piedra de Lončarić y una pequea mano de bronce como parte de la devocin narrativa inherente a las reliquias milagrosas.

La inversin en la nueva iglesia de San Vito excedi las competencias de la comunidad local y su construccin, con interrupciones, dur todo un siglo. Sin embargo, a juzgar por las superficies de fachadas que no estn cubiertas con losas de piedra, la construccin nunca finaliz. El cambio sustancial ocurri en 1725 cuando el nuevo gerente de construccin, B. Martinuzzi, aadi la galera. La leyenda local nos indica que esto sucedi porque los jesuitas no queran que, durante la liturgia monstica, el noviciado se mezclara con el pueblo, especialmente, con las hermosas muchachas de Rijeka.

El interior de la iglesia es una verdadera obra de arte total barroca (Gesamtkunstwerk), una unidad de estilo. Los autores de la exuberante plstica del interior de lujo, el altar y el plpito fueron maestros que haban venido de Gorizia y Friulia: S. Petruzzi, P. Lazzarini, L. Pacassi y A. Michelazzi, de los cuales el ltimo permaneci en Rijeka. El autor del dibujo de altar de San Jos con el Nio Jess fue un pintor de Ljubljana (originalmente de Lotaringia), V. Metzinger. Un maestro barroco desconocido pint el retablo de San Ignacio Loyola.

Al siglo IXX pertenecen solo la estatua de Benevenuti de Nuestra Seora de Dolores en el altar del mismo nombre y el cuadro La Asuncin de Simonetti. En 1742 la iglesia dedicada representaba solo una parte del conjunto que antes haba incluido los edificios de los seminarios y cursos jesuitas, que fueron destruidos entre dos guerras mundiales. El portal del colegio de los jesuitas se conserv porque fue trasladado al edifico del canon, que se construy al lado de la pared trasera de la iglesia de San Vito.

En el portal mayor de la iglesia de San Vito, los habitantes de Rijeka han incorporado una bala de can con una inscripcin divertida en latn, que traducida dice: Esta fruta fue enviada por Inglaterra cuando quiso expulsar de aqu a los galos. La inscripcin es un testimonio de los episodios de guerras napolenicas que tuvieron lugar en Rijeka en 1813. Dado que la inscripcin es un cronograma, el ao se observa al leer las letras ms grandes como nmeros romanos. La iglesia se convirti en la catedral de San Vito entre dos guerras mundiales.

Photo Information
Viewed: 1296
Points: 46
Discussions
  • None
Additional Photos by Luis Garcia (adramad) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 9046 W: 5 N: 16295] (72592)
View More Pictures
explore TREKEARTH