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Photographer's Note

Towering up on the eastern side of Cathedral Square in Moscow Kremlin is the campanile, or Bell-Tower of Ivan the Great and adjacent Belfry which was specially built to accommodate huge bells weighing several hundred weight. Construction of the present campanile named in the honor of the same saint (John is Ivan in Russian), commenced in 1505 under the supervision of the Italian architect Bon Fryazin and was completed in 1508. Note that the epithet “Great” was added to its cognomen to denote the great height, as for long this structure was Moscow’s tallest building. The bell-tower had three tiers adding up to a total height of sixty meters. In the late eighteenth century a super-structure was added and the total height up to eighty-one meters. The cross is a seven-meters-tall. Put up next in 1532-52 was a small Church of the Resurrection, subsequently renamed in honor of the Nativity of Christ. With the passage of time the church was remodeled into a rather large belfry, in which to suspend the biggest bells.

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Additional Photos by Tatiana Pavlova (Kirych) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 267 W: 56 N: 434] (2716)
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