Photographer's Note

La tour Burana est un grand minaret dans la valle Chui dans le nord du Kirghizistan. Elle est situe environ 80 km l'est de la capitale Bichkek, prs de la ville de Tokmok. La tour, avec des marques de tombes, des terrassements, les vestiges d'un chteau et trois mausoles, est tout ce qui reste de la ville ancienne de Balasagun, ville cre par les Qarakhanides la fin du ixe sicle. La tour atteignait l'origine 45 m de hauteur. Toutefois, au fil des sicles, plusieurs tremblements de terre ont caus d'importants dommages la structure. Le dernier gros tremblement de terre, au xixe sicle, dtruisit la moiti suprieure de la tour, qui n'atteint plus que 25 m.

The Burana Tower is a large minaret in the Chuy Valley in northern Kyrgyzstan. It is located about 80 km east of the country's capital Bishkek, near the town of Tokmok. The tower, along with grave markers, some earthworks and the remnants of a castle and three mausoleums, is all that remains of the ancient city of Balasagun, which was established by the Karakhanids at the end of the 9th century.
The tower was originally 45 m (148 ft) high. However, over the centuries a number of earthquakes caused significant damage to the structure. The last major earthquake in the 15th century destroyed the top half of the tower, reducing it to its current height of 25m (82 ft).

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Additional Photos by Patrick HUBERT (yquem46) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1892 W: 5 N: 4842] (38752)
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