Photographer's Note

11th November 1975 – Independence of Angola

Today, a couple pictures to commemorate the Angola National Day. Soon after the independence, a wave of revolutionary street artists swept the Angolan capital and left many mural paintings all over the place. I was in Angola at the time and went around the city to capture on slides many of the murals. Quite recently, I found a box of slides that I thought had been lost many years ago and I picked the one which I think is very appropriate for today’s posting. I hope you like it. In WS is a general view of the mural painting for context.

Pictures scanned from KODACHROME 64 slides dated 1976.

Some numbers since the Republic of Angola became independent 33 years ago.

Independence Day: 11th November 1975
Years of Liberation War: 14 (1961-1975)
Years of Civil War: 27 (1975-2002)
President: José Eduardo dos Santos, since Sept 1979 and NEVER been elected!

Population: 12.5 million people. Luanda, the country’s capital city: app. 4 million.
Adult literacy rate: 67%
Life expectancy (at birth): total population: 37.92 years / male: 36.99 years / female: 38.9 years (2008 est.)
Infant mortality (under one): 154 per 1,000 live births
Under five mortality: 260 per 1,000 live births
Adult HIV prevalence rate (ages 15-49): 3.7%
Major Infectious Diseases degree of risk: very high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever
Vector-borne diseases: malaria, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
Water contact disease: schistosomiasis
Percentage population with access to safe drinking water: 53%

Oil production: 1.9 million bbl/day (1st African producer)
Oil – proven reserves: 25 billion bbl (1 January 2007 est.)
Natural gas production: 767.3 million cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas – proven reserves: 44 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Diamonds production: 9.7 million carats (2007)
Diamonds: 5th world producer after Botswana, Russia, Canada and South Africa

Percentage of GDP derived by the oil industry: 85%
Percentage of GDP allocated to health (2005): 6%
Percentage of GDP allocated to education (2005): 2.4%
Percentage of GDP allocated to DEFENSE (2005): 34%
Percentage of GDP allocated to military (2006): 5.7%
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $11.2 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
External debt: $8.357 billion (31 December 2007 est.)

Unemployment: estimated to be 25.2% in 2006
Population below poverty line (2003 est.): 70%
Percentage population living on less than 1US$/day: 70%
Inflation Rate in 2000: 325%
Inflation Rate in 2007: 13%


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Additional Photos by Antonio Ribeiro (ribeiroantonio) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4685 W: 455 N: 6473] (22730)
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