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Photographer's Note

Ljubljana’s history is evident in the panoply of attractive architectural styles that spread between the hilltop Ljubljana Castle and Tivoli Park to the northwest. Ljubljana, first mentioned in historical sources in 1144, developed in the small area between the Ljubljanica’s right bank and the castle hill, obtaining its municipal status and becoming the capital of the county of Carniola in 1243. In 1335, it fell under the rule of the Hapsburgs and was known by as Laibach until becoming part of Yugoslavia in 1918.Much of the Old Town’s present appearance (including that of the castle) owes to its reconstruction after a disastrous earthquake in 1511. Many of its signature buildings, however, such as the Magistrat (Town Hall), St. Nicholas’ Cathedral, Gruber Palace, and Jesuit St. James’ Church, date to the following two centuries, when Ljubljana became an important center for both the Reformation and its suppression. This intellectual activity led to the development of a distinctive architectural style known as the Ljubljana Baroque, as well as the city’s expansion to the far side of the Ljubljanica, where important cultural institutions, such as one of Europe’s first musical conservatories, were located. One of the finest residences built in this style, theAuersperg Palace is currently being converted into the (so far) excellent City Museum. Ljubljana’s position between Vienna and the Istrian coast led Napoleon to designate it as the capital of his Illyrian Provinces and (once Hapsburg rule had been restored) to its placement on the Vienna-Trieste railway line. Increased prosperity, the development of suburbs on the left bank of the Ljubljanica, and light industrialization followed. This newfound wealth and a developing Slovene national consciousness led to the establishment of various provincial institutions in the late 19th century, which acquired a national character after Slovenia’s 1991 independence, such as Ljubljana University, the National Museum, Opera House, and National Gallery.[www.igougo.com]

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Additional Photos by Grzegorz Oczkowicz (GREGG) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 558 W: 117 N: 1113] (7888)
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