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Rumeli Feneri, aka Tόrkeli Feneri, is a lighthouse located on the European side of Bosphorus' Black Sea entrance in Istanbul, Turkey. It is across from the Anadolu Feneri lighthouse, which is on the Asian side of the strait at a distance of 2 nmi (3.7 km). A line connecting the two lighthouses marks the northern boundary of the Port of Istanbul. The place where the lighthouse is erected is named Rumelifeneri, which today is a fishermen's village in Sarıyer district.[2][4]

The lighthouse was built by the French in order to provide safe navigation for the French and British war ships entering the Istanbul Strait from Black Sea during the Crimean War (1853-1856). The lighthouse went in service on May 15, 1856 together with its counterpart.[2][1] It was run by the French until 1933 when the 100-year concession was cancelled and the Turkish authorities took over.[2] Today, it is maintained by the Coastal Safety Authority (Turkish: Kıyı Emniyeti Genel Mόdόrlόğό) of the Ministry of Transport and Communication.[5]

The lighthouse is situated on a hillside 58 m (190 ft) high above the sea level and the tower has a height of 30 m (98 ft).[2] It is the tallest lighthouse in Turkey.[1][3] The tower has the form of a hexagonal pyramid with three stages. Initially, it was lit by kerosene that was later replaced by Dalιn light using carbide (acetylene gas). Today, the light source is electricity, however, a butane gas lighting system is also installed for backup purposes. The Fresnel lens with 500 mm (1.6 ft) focal length allows the white light that group flashes every 12 seconds, a range of 18 nmi (33 km).[3][4]

The lighthouse is listed in Turkey under the code "TUR 053" and its radio call sign is TC1RLH.[6]

Rumeli Feneri is open to public visit as a historical site.[7]

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Additional Photos by Zeka SAGLAM (zekasaglam) Silver Note Writer [C: 4 W: 0 N: 43] (996)
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