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Cartagena de las Indias – Virreinato de Nueva Granada
Cartagena was founded in 1533 and became the treasure city of the Spanish Main, where precious stones and minerals from the New World awaited transshipment to Spain.
A few years after it had been founded, the Spaniards designed a defense plan in which the main strategy was the construction of a walled military fortress to protect the city against the plundering of English, Dutch and French pirates.
In order to resist these attacks, during the 17th century the Spanish Crown hired the services of prominent European military engineers to carry out the construction of fortresses, one of the walls you see in the photo belongs to the lower defense wall.
Although the harbor was guarded by 29 stone forts and the city was encircled by a high wall of coral, Cartagena was attacked and invaded many times by pirates, like the French Roberto Baal and Martνn Cote or the Englishmen Francis Drake, and John Hawkins, suffering sackings and destruction.
Francis Drake attack to Cartagena disembarking at night and taking the city at dawn; forcing the inhabitants to take refuge in the neighborhood, burning the houses and destroying a nave of the Cathedral, is shown at Disneyworld - Orlando on their show “Pirates of the Caribbean”
Cartagena was a slave port; Cartagena and Veracruz (Mιxico) were the only cities authorized to trade with black people. Also it became in 1610 seat of the Inquisition Holy Office Court in Cartagena de Indias. During its two centuries of existence, until 1815, the court carried out twelve autos-de-fι, 767 defendants were punished and six of them were burned at the stake.

This Photo is the product of scanning a transparency taken with a Rollei 110 Camera and a Kodak 110 transparency film

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Additional Photos by Rolf Becker (rbeckerb) Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 40 W: 24 N: 61] (167)
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