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Photographer's Note

Today is commemorated the 156Ί anniversary of the death of best man of Argentina, Jose of San Martνn Martνn (Yapeyϊ, Corrientes (Arg) 1778 - Boulogne-sur-Mer, France 17-8-1850)
Member of a military family, initiated its education in the Real Madrilenian Noble Seminary and joined the army to the eleven years. In 1803 part in diverse confrontations like the war from the Oranges and in the War of Independence against the Napoleonic invasion will be promoted to captain, taking. Fought in the battle of Arjonilla (June of 1808) in which obtained to the lieutenant graduation colonel. . During the years of the conflict with France, it participated actively in a masσnica lodge in Cadiz where liberal and constitutionalist ideas were defended. In 1812 it returned to Buenos Aires. In its country the order received part to organize the body of grenadiers to horse but it revolted against "the triunvirato" call and the Assembly of 1813 constituted itself, with a will similar to Cortes of Cadiz. An important victory in 1813 before the Spaniards in the neighborhoods of Rosario took San Martνn to consider the crossing of the Andes to win to the Spaniards in Chile and Peru. Like colonel of Cavalry, governor was named intendant of the province of Cuyo, where he formed the army of the Andes and he pressed the deputies of the Congress of Tucumαn so that 1816 July 9 declared the independence of the United Provinces of the South America. In August commander in chief of the army will be named and initiated the passage of his troops by the $andes, defeating to the realists in Chacabuco and conquering Santiago in 1817. The Chileans offered the position to him of supreme dictator but San Martνn rejected it. He continued with the independentista company that finalized when prevailing in the battle of Maipϊ in 1818. With the aid of O΄Higgins and admiral Cochrane he prepared his army to declare the independence of Peru. After a series of triumphs, one disembarked in Peru where one seted out to create a kingdom with a constitution and a monarch designated by Fernando VII. Its proposal was not accepted but the town of Lima received it like liberator in 1821, being proclaimed July independence the 28. In order to finalize the war against the Spaniards it understood that it had to be put in contact with Bolivar. Both liberators met in Guayaquil in 1822, settling down the possibility of federating Peru and the Great Colombia. Without obtaining a positive result, in August of that year San Martνn he resigned to his position before the Congress of Peru, which motivated its retirement of the policy. Course to Europe embarked, settling down in Brussels during one season. It returned soon to Montevideo and to Buenos Aires from where it returned to Europe, disappointed by the victory of the federals. It lived years in Paris and it was transferred to the Boulogne-south-Mer where it died of sudden form the 17 of August of 1850

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Viewed: 1936
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Additional Photos by Hernan Tolosa (saguzar) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 209 W: 3 N: 72] (862)
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