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HSB Turning Torso is a skyscraper in Malmφ, Sweden on the Swedish side of the Oresund strait. It was designed by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava and officially opened on 27 August 2005. The tower reaches a height of 190 metres (623 feet) with 54 stories. Upon completion, it was the tallest building in Scandinavia, and Europe's second highest apartment building, after the 264-metre-high Triumph-Palace in Moscow.

The 84 metre high Kronprinsen was the tallest building in Malmφ before Turning Torso.

The design is based on a sculpture by Santiago Calatrava called Twisting Torso. It uses nine five-story cubes that twist as it rises; the top-most segment is twisted ninety degrees clockwise with respect to the ground floor. Each floor basically consists of a rectangular section surrounding the central core, along with a triangular section, which is partially supported by an exterior steel scaffold. The two bottom cubes are intended as office space. Cubes three to nine house 149 luxury apartments.

The Twisting Torso sculpture is a white marble piece based on the form of a twisting human being. Johnny Φrbδck, former CEO of the Turning Torso contractor and Board Chairman of the Malmφ branch of the co-operative housing association HSB, saw the sculpture in 1999 and contacted Calatrava to ask him to design a building using the same concept. Construction started in the summer of 2001.

One reason for the building of Turning Torso was to reestablish a recognizable skyline for Malmφ since the removal of Kockumskranen ("The Kockum Crane") in 2002, which was located less than a kilometre from Turning Torso. The local politicians deemed it important for the inhabitants to have a symbol for Malmφ — Kockumskranen, which was a large crane that had been used for ship building somewhat symbolised the city's blue collar roots. Turning Torso can be seen as a monument of a new, more internationalised Malmφ.

[WIKIPEDIA]

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Additional Photos by Cristian Tomescu (tomescuc) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 603 W: 0 N: 138] (3291)
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