Photographer's Note

During the nineteenth century the land on which the theater is currently built was expropriated by the State in the confiscation. These lands were property of the Dominicans, who owned part of the Convent of Santo Domingo on the site. The expropriation began in 1842, ending in 1862 with the construction of the theater.

It was inaugurated by Queen Elizabeth II on October 25, 1862, with the representation of the work of Ventura de la Vega The Man of the World, interpreted by Julin Romea, whose surname he later called the Coliseum.

This first property was the work of Diego Manuel Molina, receiving the name of Teatro de los Infantes until the Revolution of 1868, when it was changed to Teatro de la Soberania Popular.

In 1877 he suffered a terrible fire, his reconstruction was inaugurated in 1880. Only 19 years later, the theater suffered another fire (in 1899), resorting to the same architect as in the previous occasion, the hellero Justo Milln. The current external appearance corresponds to the reconstruction of 1880, while the interior corresponds to the last of the interventions.

The third inauguration of the theater (after the two fires) took place on February 16, 1901. The company of Mara Guerrero and Fernando Daz de Mendoza staged El stigma, by Echegaray. The act was used to honor the aforementioned actors, as well as to name Murcia's favorite son to the author Jos Echegaray, who also attended the event.

Important landmarks in the history of the theater were the different works premieres of Jacinto Benavente that had the presence of the author, or the performance in 1933 of the university theater La Barraca, directed by Federico Garca Lorca.

In the decade of the 1980s the Romea lived a rehabilitation, being reopened by Queen Sofia on February 7, 1988. In 1990 it was declared an Asset of Cultural Interest. Years later he went through another process of rehabilitation, both external and internal, and it was reopened in 2012.

Its cultural program is very broad, taking into account genres as diverse as theater, dance, music, concerts, flamenco, zarzuela and others.

The facade belongs to the purest eclecticism. It has features of clear neoclassical inspiration, with modernist details such as the marquee and the wrought iron gates of the entrance. In the top center there are three busts of Beethoven, Mozart and Listz. On the windows of the main floor there are four medallions with reliefs of other murcian dramatists: Andrs de Claramonte, Damin Salucio del Poyo, Gaspar de vila and Jos Selgas.

Already in the interior, on the roof of the stalls have been the works of two Murcian painters, Jos Pacual and Valls and Federico Mauricio with the arrangements of Antonio Meseguer and Inocencio Medina Vera, which represents Julin Romea and a series of figures female allegorical arts. The curtain, by Emilio Sala, was a gift from Mara Guerrero and Fernando Daz de Mendoza and represents an allegory of the theater.

The auditorium is in the shape of a horseshoe, with an auditorium surrounded by stalls, three levels of boxes and other levels of upper tiers.

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Durante el siglo XIX los terrenos en los que actualmente est construido el teatro fueron expropiados por el Estado en la desamortizacin. Estos terrenos eran propiedad de los dominicos, que posean en el solar parte del Convento de Santo Domingo. La expropiacin comenz en 1842, finalizando en 1862 con la construccin del teatro.

Fue inaugurado por la Reina Isabel II el 25 de octubre de 1862, con la representacin de la obra de Ventura de la Vega El hombre del mundo, interpretada por Julin Romea, cuyo apellido posteriormente denominara al coliseo.

Este primer inmueble fue obra de Diego Manuel Molina, recibiendo el nombre de Teatro de los Infantes hasta la Revolucin de 1868, en que se cambi por Teatro de la Soberana Popular.

En 1877 sufri un pavoroso incendio, inaugurndose su reconstruccin en 1880. Tan slo 19 aos despus, el teatro sufri otro incendio (en 1899), recurrindose al mismo arquitecto que en la ocasin anterior, el hellinero Justo Milln. El aspecto exterior actual corresponde a la reconstruccin de 1880, mientras que el interior corresponde a la ltima de las intervenciones.

La tercera inauguracin del teatro (despus de los dos incendios) tuvo lugar el 16 de febrero de 1901. La compaa de Mara Guerrero y Fernando Daz de Mendoza puso en escena El estigma, de Echegaray. El acto se aprovech para homenajear a los citados actores, as como para nombrar hijo predilecto de Murcia al autor Jos Echegaray, que asisti tambin al acontecimiento.

Importantes hitos en la historia del teatro fueron los diversos estrenos de obras de Jacinto Benavente que contaron con la presencia del autor, o la actuacin en 1933 del teatro universitario La Barraca, dirigido por Federico Garca Lorca.

En la dcada de los aos 1980 el Romea vivi una rehabilitacin, siendo reinaugurado por la reina Sofa el 7 de febrero de 1988. En 1990 fue declarado Bien de Inters Cultural. Aos despus pas por otro proceso de rehabilitacin, tanto exterior como interior, y se reabri en 2012.

Su programacin cultural es muy amplia, teniendo cabida gneros tan diversos como el teatro, la danza, el musical, los conciertos, el flamenco, la zarzuela y otros.

La fachada pertenece al ms puro eclecticismo. Cuenta con rasgos de clara inspiracin neoclsica, con detalles modernistas como la marquesina y las verjas de forja de la entrada. En la parte superior central hay tres bustos de Beethoven, Mozart y Listz. Sobre los ventanales de la planta principal hay cuatro medallones con relieves de otros tantos dramaturgos murcianos: Andrs de Claramonte, Damin Salucio del Poyo, Gaspar de vila y Jos Selgas.

Ya en el interior, en el techo del patio de butacas se han sucedido las obras de dos pintores murcianos, Jos Pacual y Valls y Federico Mauricio con los arreglos de Antonio Meseguer e Inocencio Medina Vera, que representa a Julin Romea y una serie de figuras femeninas alegricas de las Artes. El teln, obra de Emilio Sala, fue regalo de Mara Guerrero y Fernando Daz de Mendoza y representa una alegora del teatro.

El saln de actos tiene forma de herradura, con patio de butacas rodeado de plateas, tres niveles de palcos y otros tantos de gradas superiores.


It was inaugurated by Queen Elizabeth II on October 25, 1862, with the representation of the work of Ventura de la Vega The Man of the World, interpreted by Julin Romea, whose surname he later called the Coliseum.

This first property was the work of Diego Manuel Molina, receiving the name of Teatro de los Infantes until the Revolution of 1868, when it was changed to Teatro de la Soberania Popular.

In 1877 he suffered a terrible fire, his reconstruction was inaugurated in 1880. Only 19 years later, the theater suffered another fire (in 1899), resorting to the same architect as in the previous occasion, the hellero Justo Milln. The current external appearance corresponds to the reconstruction of 1880, while the interior corresponds to the last of the interventions.

The third inauguration of the theater (after the two fires) took place on February 16, 1901. The company of Mara Guerrero and Fernando Daz de Mendoza staged El stigma, by Echegaray. The act was used to honor the aforementioned actors, as well as to name Murcia's favorite son to the author Jos Echegaray, who also attended the event.

Important landmarks in the history of the theater were the different works premieres of Jacinto Benavente that had the presence of the author, or the performance in 1933 of the university theater La Barraca, directed by Federico Garca Lorca.

In the decade of the 1980s the Romea lived a rehabilitation, being reopened by Queen Sofia on February 7, 1988. In 1990 it was declared an Asset of Cultural Interest. Years later he went through another process of rehabilitation, both external and internal, and it was reopened in 2012.

Its cultural program is very broad, taking into account genres as diverse as theater, dance, music, concerts, flamenco, zarzuela and others.

The facade belongs to the purest eclecticism. It has features of clear neoclassical inspiration, with modernist details such as the marquee and the wrought iron gates of the entrance. In the top center there are three busts of Beethoven, Mozart and Listz. On the windows of the main floor there are four medallions with reliefs of other murcian dramatists: Andrs de Claramonte, Damin Salucio del Poyo, Gaspar de vila and Jos Selgas.

Already in the interior, on the roof of the stalls have been the works of two Murcian painters, Jos Pacual and Valls and Federico Mauricio with the arrangements of Antonio Meseguer and Inocencio Medina Vera, which represents Julin Romea and a series of figures female allegorical arts. The curtain, by Emilio Sala, was a gift from Mara Guerrero and Fernando Daz de Mendoza and represents an allegory of the theater.

The auditorium is in the shape of a horseshoe, with an auditorium surrounded by stalls, three levels of boxes and other levels of upper tiers.

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Additional Photos by Luis Garcia (adramad) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 7896 W: 5 N: 13919] (62022)
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